The process of transportation of
passengers on inter-regional routes of general use is
investigated in the article. It is established that longdistance passenger transport correspondences have
fluctuations that are observed in time. Such
variations can be attributed to changes in the
volumes or directions of passenger transportation
during the day, which are described by many
researchers. In addition to the above, it is known that
in the system of intercity passenger transport it is
possible to observe the existence of processes for
the formation of predicted changes when considering
the period of transportation during the week. In this
case, there is a corresponding change in the
characteristics of volumes and directions of
passenger correspondence on the days of the week.
Similar fluctuations also occur in the consideration of
the state of correspondence during the year.
Intercity passenger transport systems have as their
objective the functioning of a qualitative transport
system and safe satisfaction of the needs for the
movement of people. The presence of a stable route
network scheme can be considered one of the
requirements to the quality of passenger service.
This leads to the need to take into account the
influence of the environment of the functioning of the
system in the organization of its functioning, subject
to the restrictions.
transport system, gravity model, seasonal fluctuations of transport correspondences, longdistance transportation.
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